This is a list of vocabulary items related to brain drain :

Collocations Related to Brain Drain :



  • Racial  Descrimination
  • Brain  gain
  • Political instability
  • Money transfers
  • Job opportunities
  • Human  resources
  • Host countries
  • Earn a living
  • Fulfil a dream
  • Squander money
  • Feel homesick

Exercise 1: Fill in the gaps with the right words :

Developing –  skilled – conditions – drain – flight – salaries – home – developed -qualified

1- Brain _______________ occurs when _______________  countries receive  _______________ people.

2 – A lot of _______________  countries are facing the challenge of human capital _______________.

3 – One way to deal with this problem is to provide high _______________  and good working _______________  for highly _______________  people to keep them in their _______________  country.



Exercise 2 : Choose the right words to complete the following paragraphs :

departure – Africa – home – asylum – individual freedoms – research facilities – doctors and engineers – low – researchers – jobless – qualified

1.Dr. El Mandjra mentioned that more than 700 Moroccan _______________ at the doctoral level and above work in the French National Center for Research, as a result of lack of research funds and __________________ backhome.

2.According to the official statistics ___________________ wages and the absence of suitabke working conditions lead to the  __________________ of hundreds of _____________________ Asian countries and  _________________ towards the United States or Europe, which means a big loss of ___________________ and experienced manpower for the __________________ countries.

3.Because of political and military conflicts in the region, mani Iraqi and Syrian scientists and intellectuals have become ______________refugees. Now some of them are seeking political ___________________, most favorably in European countries where they can enjoy more _________________ and political stability.

Definitions of Common Items

Brain:

a. The portion of the head which is the primary center for the regulation and control of bodily activities, receiving and interpreting sensory impulses, and transmitting information to the muscles and body organs. It is also the seat of consciousness, thought, memory, and emotion.
b. Intellectual ability; mind: a dull brain; a quick brain.
c. Intellectual power; intelligence. Often used in the plural: “he has brains and good looks.”
d. A highly intelligent person.”He’s such a brain”

Brain drain:


A large emigration of individuals with technical skills or knowledge, normally due to conflict, lack of opportunity, political instability, or health risks.

Human capital flight:

Another terminology for brain drain. It is a parallel of capital flight which refers to the same movement of financial capital. It describes the emigration of “scientists and technologists” to North America and Europe from different developing countries.

Brain training:

Preparing highly skilled people needed for the development of a country. Brain training is related to an economic cost since training is sponsored by the government.

Brain gain:

to live in a different country.
There are strict limits on immigration (into the country)
The person who immigrates is an immigrant.

Highly-qualified:

Highly skilled, technically qualified people.

Developing country:

A poor or non industrial country that is seeking to develop its resources by industrialization. It has a relatively low standard of living, an undeveloped industrial base, and a moderate to low Human Development Index (HDI) score.

Developed country:

A country advanced in industrial capability, technological sophistication, and economic productivity. Modern terms synonymous with the term developed country include: “industrialized countries, more developed countries (MDC) more economically developed countries(MEDC), advanced country or post-industrial country.

Do the exercise below on the vocabulary related to brain drain

Choose the right words:

  1. A lot of …………………….. countries are facing the challenge of human capital ……………………. .
  2. Something should be done to……………………… this phenomenon.
  3. One way to deal with this problem is to provide high …………………… and good working ………………… for highly ………………………….. people to keep them in their ……………………. country.
  4. Brain …………………… occurs when ……………………………. countries receive ……………………….. qualified people.

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